Dussehra 2023

Do you Know? Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is one of the most important festivals in the Hindu calendar. It marks the victory of good over evil, as represented by the triumph of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. Dussehra is celebrated with great impressive and show across India, with each region having its own unique traditions and customs.

The Sanskrit title for this holiday, Dussehra, means “ten (dasha) defeat (hara)” in English since it is believed that the demon King Ravana had ten heads. This day falls on the tenth day of the Ashvina month in the Hindu calendar, which corresponds to the months of September and October in the Gregorian calendar. In 2023 Dussehra will be celebrated on Tuesday, October 24.

Dussehra – History and Significance

dussehra 2023

Legend has it that after Ravana kidnapped Lord Rama’s wife, the two engaged in a bloody conflict. Lord Brahma gave the blessing of immortal upon the demonic King Ravana. Rama eventually killed Ravana by sending an arrow through his belly button after a series of unfortunate incidents. As a result, every year, Dussehra is observed on the tenth day of the Ashvina month according to the Hindu calendar.

There is still another legend connected to this occasion. This day honours Arjuna’s victory over the entire Kaurava Army, which was commemorated in the Mahabharata. The day Arjuna beat the army is celebrated as “Vijaya Dashami” since he is also known as Vijaya.

This day is widely observed nation as a time to honour the victory of good over evil. In the eastern portions of India, devotees mark this day as the conclusion of the Durga Puja, which starts with the Navratri festival.

Dussehra Celebrations across India

In the northern regions of India, believers celebrate the victory of good over evil by dressing in new garments and holding open celebrations. Dussehra is marked by holding a theatrical production of Rama’s life narrative, known as Ram Lila, to mark the end of the nine-day fast of Navratri. Then, in open areas around the country, effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakaran, son Meghanada, and all three are burned.

In the Eastern part of India, where states like West Bengal, Bihar, and Odisha are located, people celebrate this day as the conclusion of the Durga Puja festival by wearing red saris and applying vermilion. Bengalis sing traditional songs during the emotional ritual of submerging Goddess Durga idols in bodies of water.

Other Festivals in India with Holiday Type

Festival Day Date Holiday Type
New Year Sunday 1 January Public

14 January

Makar Sankranti

14 January

Pongal Sunday 15 January
Basant Panchmi Thrusday 26 January Restricted
Republic Day Thursday 26 January Public
Guru Ravidass Jayanti Sunday 5 February Restricted
Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti Wednesday 15 February Restricted
Mahashivratri Saturday 18 February Restricted
Losar Tuesday 21 February Restricted
Holi Wednesday 8 March Public
Ram Navami Thursday 30 March Restricted
Mahavir Jayanti Tuesday 4 April Restricted
Good Friday Friday 7 April Public
Easter Sunday 9 April Restricted
Vaisakhi Friday 14 April Restricted
Eid Ul Fitr Saturday 22 April Public
Buddha Purnima Friday 5th May Public
Rabindra Jayanti Tuesday 9 May Restricted
Rath Yatra Tuesday 20 June Restricted
Eid Al Adha Thursday 29 June Restricted
Muharram Saturday 29 July Public
Independence Day Tuesday 15 August Public
Parsi New Year Navroz Wednesday 16 August Restricted
Onam Tuesday 29 August Restricted
Raksha Bandhan Wednesday 30 August Restricted
Janmashtami Thursday 7 September Restricted
Ganesh Chaturthi Tuesday 19 September Restricted
Id E Milad Thursday September 28 Public
Gandhi Jayanti Monday 2 October Public
Valmiki Jayanti Saturday 28 October Restricted
Karva Chauth Tuesday 31 October Restricted
Diwali Sunday 12 November Public
Bhai Dooj Tuesday 14 November Restricted
Chhath Puja Sunday 19 November Restricted
Guru Nanak Jayanti Monday 27 November Public
Christmas Monday 25 December Public

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